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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Sunday, April 1, 2012

Red Foxes are native to the boreal and western montane portions of North America..............However, many researchers have forever postulated that the Red Foxes found today in much of the Eastern and Midwestern regions of the USA are of European ancestry or at best an admix of European and North American lineages...........Samantha Wisely who works at the Wildlife Ecology Genetics and Molecular Ecology Lab at the U. of Florida, Gainesville(along with colleagues) has concluded in her peer reviewed Journal of Mammalogy paper(93-1;52-65, 2012) that there are no matrilineal descendants of European Red Foxes anywhere in North America.......Indeed, it appears that North American Red Foxes found today in the USA are of North American Ancestry even though the historical record does record the fact that Colonists did release nonnative red foxes into American woodlands............Seems that the native "Reds" migrated down from Canada as forests were cleared and Wolves and Pumas were eliminated as competitors.....The native Red Foxes were able to "best" and out-compete the non native Foxes(Native Gray Foxes who climb trees and prefer forested habitat also largely retreated to more northerly regions where land clearing was not yet extensive)............It is true that in parts of Southern California and western Washington State that Red Foxes are an admix of North American lineages that were translocated from other parts of the Continent(for fur farming)...........The full paper is available for your reading pleasure below,,,,,concluding with the statement that: "native Foxes may be able to competitively exclude nonnative foxes, hybridizing only on the margins of the native range


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