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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Sunday, December 2, 2012

So the British Columbia(Canada) proposed draconian Wolf kill plan which would allow for unlimited year round hunting has no basis in wildlife biology or cattle husbandry practices for being implemented..............If you click onto the link at the bottom of this article, you will see that cattle losses over the last 3 years in the Province have averaged about 100 per year whereas disease and natural cause of death has taken 32,000 cattle off of ranchlands......Just as in the Rocky Mtn. and Great Lake States, the exaggerated and inflated claims of ranchers(wolves are killing my business) and hunters(wolves are killing all the deer, moose and elk) are winning the day in State Houses and State Wildlife Agencies........... The end result of these erred claims bring a huge hurt to our natural systems-----------With Carnivores literally and figuratively taking the bullet for no justified rationale, other than arrogance, stupidity and selfishness of a small % of human beings


B.C. wolf management plan criticized as veiled attack on the species

By Larry Pynn,

B.C. wolf management plan criticized as veiled attack on the species

Environmentalists say a new provincial draft wolf-management plan is a thinly veiled attack on the species that allows the slaughter of individual animals and packs through trapping and liberalized hunting. Ranchers and the B.C. Cattelmen's Association say wolves can't be allowed to run free and unmanaged.


A provincial draft wolf-management plan is little more than a veiled attack on the predator that all but ignores the species' ecological role, social structure, and potential for tourism, a critic charged Friday. Pacific Wild's Ian McAllister, an environmentalist who has followed wolf packs for 20 years on the B.C. coast and written two books on them, said the draft plan envisions the slaughter of individuals and entire packs through trapping, liberalized hunting and in some cases use of aircraft.

"It's basically open season," he said in an interview. "We haven't progressed. It's appalling to consider how wolves are going to be so-called managed in this province."
McAllister added that the draft plan is full of information gaps and appears slapped together; it incorrectly listed the scientific name for the wolf as Canis lupis when it should say Canis lupus. The province has since corrected the mistake, along with other glitches that failed to properly show graphs and tables in the plan online.

The plan says B.C.'s "wolf harvest" is at its highest since 1976, when the species was declared a fur-bearer on which royalties are paid to the Crown; a high of 1,400 "wolf removals," occurred in 2009, the plan said. McAllister said wolves are a "socially cohesive species" but the report makes no mention of areas of the province where they should be allowed to run free without fear of being shot or trapped by humans.

"If you're a B.C. resident or rancher you can go out in large parts of this province and kill as many wolves of any sex or age as you want without mandatory reporting and that's just fine according to this plan," he said.

Paul Paquet, a biologist and University of Calgary academic who has worked extensively in B.C., described the draft plan as "refreshingly candid concerning the uncertainties surrounding wolf ecology, population estimates, management, and conservation." He added it does a poor job of incorporating relevant literature and contemporary conservation science.

Kevin Boon, general manager of the B.C. Cattlemen's Association, agreed that wolves are an emotional issue but said allowing them to run free and unmanaged is not the responsible solution.

The B.C. Ministry of Agriculture reports that compensation payments to ranchers for livestock losses to predators — not just wolves, but bears, cougars and coyotes — totalled $63,800 last year based on 133 losses verified by conservation officers.

Boon noted that a six-month-old calf is worth about $800, but is valued at $400 under the compensation program, of which the rancher receives 75 per cent. Not all losses are reported or can be confirmed as caused by predators.

Livestock losses can occur on private ranches, Crown range land, even in several large provincial parks and protected areas that allow cattle grazing, including Churn Creek, Big Creek, Ts'yl?os, and Itcha Ilgachuz in the Chilcotin. "We have to be able to target the areas that are a problem," Boon said. "At what point did the wolf become the prize jewel where we can't touch it and everything else is to be sacrificed because of it."

He noted ranchers can help to protect their cattle by not aligning their machinery in the field so that wolves can herd the cattle and more easily kill them. He said there are also discussions underway into removing cattle that naturally die on range land to avoid attracting wolves; the same might be done with roadkill.
Randy Saugstad runs cattle in the Big Creek area of the Chilcotin and said wolves are partly responsible for the decline of moose in the area. "We have been telling government the moose were in trouble for a long time and were ignored."

As for cattle, he said: "We cannot sustain 10-per-cent predation losses. It is a huge issue with no easy solutions that are going to be socially acceptable."

The draft plan, released Wednesday, supports hunting and trapping of wolves, including to reduce cattle losses and to benefit species at risk such as mountain caribou. It does not support controls to increase prey populations such as deer and moose.

After a history of persecution through bounties and poisonings, B.C.'s grey wolf population has recovered and is now expanding and estimated at 8,500 animals, up from 8,100 in 1991, according to the plan.But the 8,500 estimate is actually an average, with estimates ranging widely, from 6,100 to 10,800 wolves.

The draft document suggests wolf populations have increased over the last 10 to 15 years in the Thompson, Kootenay and Okanagan regions, appear stable in the Cariboo, Skeena, Omineca and Peace regions, and may have declined on Vancouver Island.

McAllister is asking the province to extend the Dec. 5 deadline for public comment on the draft plan.
click on this link below to read how small a % of livestock loss is attributable to Wolf depredation

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