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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Wednesday, November 12, 2014

A collaboration of researchers from B.C., Alberta, and Israel studied hair samples from 103 tundra/taiga wolves from Nunavut and the Northwest Territories against 45 wolves from the boreal forests of Alberta and the Northwest Territories........Their findings reinforce previous studies that have suggested that hunting can disrupt a wolf pack’s complex social structure, alter normal reproductive behaviour and introduce chronic stress that may have evolutionary consequences........... Hunting can also decrease pack size, resulting in altered predation patterns, increased time spent defending kill sites from scavengers and may lead to increased conflict with humans and livestock...............Any sentient creature, whether they be the human animal or the wolf, bear and puma willl experience stress and altered behaviour and lifestyle if their life is constantly on the line...............A perfect example of this in the human animal can be found in the middle east with the Israel/Arab 70 year conflict............ To my way of thinking, the constant presence of war and destruction from enemies on every border has led to an Israeli paranoia that makes it hard for them to stop settlement building in the West Bank---a detriment to a two state Israeli/Palestine peace paradigm(one of many elements at play-----e.g the insane Palestinian obsession to destroy Israel---- in this volatile region causing aberrant thinking by every nation in the region)..............It is no wonder then that a pressured Wolf pack that gets splintered due to our obsession with reducing their population leads to all types of aberrant wolf behaviours and ultimately alters the optimum top down/bottom up trophic pressures that yield a healthy ecosystem

read full peer reviewed paper by clicking on link below:

Heavily-hunted wolf populations

 have elevated stress, reproductive

 hormones, study reveals

Heavily-hunted wolf populations have elevated stress, reproductive hormones, study reveals

Wolves from heavily hunted populations

 in northern Canada show elevated stress

 and reproductive hormones — physiological 

effects that could have evolutionary 

implications — according to a study

 published Wednesday in the scientific

 journal Functional Ecology. This undated

 file photo provided by Yellowstone National

 Park shows a wolf walking through the

 snow in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.

Photograph by: Yellowstone National Park, 

File , AP Photo



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