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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Coyotes are not frequent carriers of rabies inspite of the recent Northern New Jersey discovery of two rabid animals this past week............In fact, the Public Veterinary Medicine Organization reported that during 2010, 48 states and Puerto Rico reported 6,154 rabid animals and 2 human rabies cases to the CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTROL(CDC), representing an 8% decrease from the 6,690 rabid animals and 4 human cases reported in 2009.............. Approximately 92% of reported rabid animals were wildlife........... Relative contributions by the major animal groups were as follows: 2,246 raccoons (36.5%), 1,448 skunks (23.5%), 1,430 bats (23.2%), 429 foxes (6.9%), 303 cats (4.9%), 71 cattle (1.1%), and 69 dogs (1.1%)................There were only 10 cases of rabies in the USA reported in Coyotes in 2010..............Further reaffirmation that rabies is not a usual occurrence in Coyotes is the fact that Coyotes(if not habituated) generally avoid encounters with people............. They are mostly nocturnal and are easily scared away by larger creatures, making the attacks all the more unusual................ Coyotes with rabies, however, tend to be more aggressive.............................. Still, although pockets of rabid coyotes have been found in the U.S., the disease is relatively rare — of 107 coyotes tested in Massachusetts from 1985 to 2008, only 10 had rabies, according to researchers.............In general, Raccoons which are highly susceptible to rabies tend to transmit the disease to the occasional Coyote in the Northeast, Skunks are the rabies transmittors to Coyotes in the midwest and far west with foxes the agent of rabies to coyotes in southwest

Wild Animals

Wild animals accounted for 92% of reported cases of rabies in 2010. Raccoons continued to be the most frequently reported rabid wildlife species (36.5% of all animal cases during 2010), followed by skunks (23.5%), bats (23.2%), foxes (7.0%), and other wild animals, including rodents and lagomorphs (1.8%). Reported cases decreased among all wild animals during 2010.
Outbreaks of rabies infections in terrestrial mammals like raccoons, skunks, foxes, and coyotes are found in broad geographic regions across the United States. Geographic boundaries of currently recognized reservoirs for rabies in terrestrial mammals are shown on the map below:

Map of terrestrial rabies reservoirs in the United
 States during 2010. Raccoon rabies virus variant
is present in the eastern United States, Skunk rabies
in the Central United States and California, Fox
rabies in Texas, Arizona, and Alaska, and Mongoose
 rabies in Puerto Rico.

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