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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Saturday, October 29, 2016

The Panthera Teton Cougar Project commenting today on one of the more resilient Pumas that they have studied over the past 15 years, Puma F109................"In 2013, she was the first and only mountain lion among those studied to successfully kill and consume a wolf" ..............."Historically thought to be a "solitude carnivore", she was the first mountain lion the Project caught on video interacting socially with another mountain lion and in recent years she interacted with other mountain lions some 28 times"...........Living virtually as long in the wild as mother nature allows(12 years), old age caught up to her this month, and as such, "she gave her heart to the hawks"..................... F109 reinforces the fact that just like we human animals, Pumas are individuals with a variety of living and problem solving abilities............"Some are traditional Elk hunters, some prefer smaller fare",,,,,,,,,,,,,"Some are productive, successful mothers, others never raise a single kitten to independence"......Click on the link below to watch a video of F109 caching an Elk kill

The Passing of a Titan

An intimate portrait of F109, an adult female mountain lion tracked by Panthera's Teton Cougar Project in northwest Wyoming.
Puma F109

Contrary to popular belief, mountain lions are not all the same. They are as distinctive in personality as we are. Some are bold, others stick to the shadows. Some are social, others avoid interactions. Some hunt elk, some prefer smaller fare. Some are productive, successful mothers that rear numerous kittens to young adults, and others never raise a single kitten to independence. It’s productive females like F109 that are so important to the future of mountain lion populations.
F109, an adult female mountain lion followed by Panthera’s Teton Cougar Project, was exceptional by every standard. She was near impossible to catch with hounds. She was a master of interwoven fallen trees and would leap to mount them, weaving loops across trunks without ever touching the ground. She would climb trees when dogs were close, and leap from one canopy to another, only to descend some distance away. We reveled in the fact that she was safe from hunters; her intelligent evasive strategies left their hounds (and ours!) in drooling befuddlement. F109 was the cat we’d tell stories about around the fire; we revered her tenacity and her indomitable spirit. Whenever a hike was long and hard, we’d say to ourselves, “at least we’re not on a 109 capture!”
F109 raised several litters of bouncing kittens to independence, all the while traversing the highest, most rugged terrain our study area in northwest Wyoming had to offer. She survived encounters with bears and wolves, as well as encounters with humans and bull elk. She endured bitter cold and landslides. She showed us exactly what a fortified den looks like (See A Fortress for Kittens). In 2013, she was the first and only mountain lion among those we’ve followed to successfully kill and consume a wolf (See Hunters or Hunted? Wolves Vs. Mountain Lions).

 Each winter, she also killed several bull elk, which can weigh greater than 700 lbs— more than 8 times her size. She was the first mountain lion we caught on video interacting socially with another mountain lion (See Solitary is not Asocial: Social Interactions Among Mountain Lions), and in recent years she interacted with other mountain lions some 28 times. Over the 6 years we studied her, we gathered data on 195 prey she killed and consumed. Twenty of those kills provided us the opportunity to film and study vertebrate scavengers and document more mountain lion social interactions. F109 taught us what it means to be a successful mountain lion, and as we continue to analyze data and reflect upon our time in northwest Wyoming, she will continue to teach us more.
F109 died this month of natural causes, old age and disease, at an incredible 12 years of age. In a hunted population such as this one, her long life is worthy of recognition. Her collar betrayed her final resting place, and we ascended 2,500 feet to find her high on Sheep Mountain, in the center of her territory. On high, we crossed a final snow-covered meadow to enter the copse of trees she’d chosen.
The mountain was quiet when we arrived, the air crisp and cool. There were nearby signs of a red squirrel, but it did not chatter at our approach or as we lingered over F109’s frozen body. F109’s death will go unnoticed by most, but her absence leaves a hole in the Jackson ecosystem. The local mountain lion community is more diminished for her passing. Our lives, I’m convinced, are more impoverished as well. Thank you, F109.

About Panthera’s Teton Cougar Project

Cougar peering down from a treeLocated in northwestern Wyoming on 2,300 km2 of the most ecologically-intact ecosystems in the lower United States, Panthera’s Teton Cougar Project is one of very few long-term cougar projects operated in North America. Today, the project spans the Grand Teton National Park, National Elk Refuge, and Teton Wilderness Area in the Bridger-Teton National Forest – exquisite landscapes that boast diverse wildlife populations, including cougars, grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, moose, bighorn sheep, pronghorn, bison, and occasional wolverines, bobcats and Canada lynx.
Now in its fifteenth year, Panthera's Teton Cougar Project was co-founded by Dr. Howard Quigley, Executive Director of Panthera’s Puma and Jaguar Programs, and Dr. Maurice Hornocker, one of the original pioneers in cougar research. The project’s focus includes cougar population dynamics, such as the effects of recolonizing wolves and human hunting on cougar survivorship; cougar habitat selection; foraging ecology; and cougar interactions with other carnivores.

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