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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Monday, December 5, 2016

Over the Thanksgiving week on 11/20/16, three cam photos and a video surfaced out of the Topeka, Kansas area showing a Puma alive and well..............Hunters treed the Puma(likely just one cat photographed multiple times-a likely prospector from the Black Hills of South Dakota)........He(or she-unlikely a she as females stay close to natal birthplaces) is still out there as we understand as of this Post...........Also below is an article depicting the Los Angeles metro Mule Deer Puma kills that have been documented by the National Park Service.........Male Pumas choose waterways bounded by woodland to hunt Mule and black tail deer with females avoiding these areas to avoid these males from killing their cubs)

Kansas teens’ mountain lion sighting among 3 in 15 days

Associated Press - December 3, 2016 5:13 pm



Two Kansas teens got a big surprise, and video, when the hound they were using to hunt raccoons
treed a mountain lion last month in Wabaunsee County.
The Wichita Eagle ( reports that the
 Thanksgiving night sighting was one of three documented
 within 15 days in a 60-mile area.

Pumas spotted just west of Topeka, the capitol city of Kansas

Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism biologist
Matt Peek doesn’t know whether that part of Kansas has
 multiple animals or one that has been getting around.
A motion-activated trail camera on Fort Riley got a good
image of a mountain lion on Nov. 9, though the authenticity
of the image has not yet been officially confirmed. A similar
 camera got a photo in Shawnee County on Nov. 20.
Sometimes a single animal is photographed multiple times
 in different locations.

 Mountain lion caught of 

trail camera in 

southwest Shawnee


‘It literally stopped me in my tracks, no pun intended.
Trail cameras have revolutionized the way deer
 hunters approach their hunting tactics, particularly
 bowhunters. As a result of their skyrocketing
 popularity there are literally thousands of the
 cameras perched on posts and trees all over
 the state keeping an eye on things when nobody’s

Image result for map showing south dakota and kansas

So it should come as little surprise these
 remotely-triggered cameras have been
 responsible for catching some incredibly
 cool, unique and ground-breaking images
 not even related to deer. Many of the nearly
 dozen-and-a-half confirmed mountain lion
 sightings were a result of trail camera photos.
 The most recent one might surprise you as
 not one, but three images of a no-doubt
 mountain lion were captured within a
stone’s throw of Kansas’ capital city by Rene

Tinajero, 43, a lifelong Topekan just started deer
hunting this year and put his first trail cameras up
on family ground in southwest Shawnee County in
early August.

“I’m a novice hunter and this is my first year to hunt and put
 out trail cameras,” Tinajero said. “We were getting the
 usual photos of does and some bucks and the only
surprises up until then were some coyotes and turkeys.”

Puma photographed on video
 camera in Laurel Canyon 
region of Los Angeles

open link and find LAUREL CANYON ON LEFT


A new study finds surprising results

where Mountain Lions hunt deer in
 Los Angeles

Los Angeles is the second largest metropolitan
area in the US, but it's retained some of its natural
 wild side. In the mountains surrounding the
metropolis, mountain lions — the last large
carnivore in southern California — live, hunt,
and try to repopulate. A team made up of scientists
 from UCLA and the National Park Service
 recently set out to see exactly how they're doing
that hunting, given the increased encroachment of
The researchers looked at pieces of land in the
Santa Monica Mountains and Santa Susana
 Mountains, bounded on every side by freeways,
farms, and urban or suburban communities.
They found that male mountain lions tended to
 choose wooded areas near water for their
grounds, and generally avoided human
 development. Researchers tracked over 400
kills and found that only two took place in
 developed areas. Females, on the other
hand, surprised researchers by hunting much
 farther from these wooded areas and closer
to development.
The researchers' best guess as to why
 females would be willing to hunt so near
 to people — on average, a little less than
 a mile away — was that they were trying
 to avoid aggressive males. Female
mountain lions travel with their kittens,
and would want to avoid having them
 hurt or killed by their very close relatives.
Previous research suggested that the
mountain lion's main prey, the mule deer,
had been moving into developed areas
during the last few years as a result of
severe drought. Human-maintained water
 sources such as swimming pools,
decorative ponds, and accompanying
vegetation have lured the deer further
into civilization, which has helped their
own numbers grow. As urbanization
 has helped its prey, female mountain
 lions appear to have relocated closer
 to people as a result.


For the most part, "mountain lions
 in and around LA appear to be doing
 a good job of finding places to hunt 
for deer while generally staying out 
of the way of humans," John Benson,
a wildlife biologist at UCLA and one
 of the authors of the study, told 
The Verge. At the moment, this
 relationshipis delicately balanced,
 and the mountainlion population is
However, Colleen St. Clair, a biologist
 who worked on a similar study at the
University of Alberta (but who did not
 contribute to this study), noted that \
the findings should serve as a
cautionary message: "[The study]
suggests that mountain lions are trying
 to find a balance between using the
resources that occur near people
without actually encountering them...
but we're going to have to find new
ways to manage conflict. In other words,
don't combine attractants for deer and
 hiding cover for mountain lions near
 places where humans live and recreate!"
While they are also plentiful in most of
the western United States, mountain
lions face unique habitat challenges in
the greater Los Angeles area. They aren't
considered an endangered species in
 California, but they are large carnivores
 that need uninterrupted swathes of land
 for hunting and for roaming between
 groups to spread genetic diversity
and repopulate.

mountain lion kittens(National Park Service)

Right now, groups of mountain lions are cut off
from each other by highways — they have the
 lowest genetic diversity of any animal besides
 the Florida panther, which nearly went extinct.
Jeff Sikich, a biologist with the National Park
Service and another of the study's authors,
toldThe Verge that this is the greatest immediate
 threat to the mountain lion populations in
 California, noting that biologists have
recorded male lions mating with their daughters,
and even grand-daughters, further dwindling
 the genetic pool.


An oft-proposed solution to this problem
 is a wildlife bridge connecting two of the
 largest mountain lion habitats — it would
 run directly over 10 lanes of the 101
 freeway. It would not be the first time 
such a measure was taken in the US,
 though it would certainly be the most
 ambitious effort. And while the idea may
 sound far-fetched, there
 is significant support for it.The National
 Wildlife Federation is raising funds to
 contribute to the estimated $30 to $38
million project, which was declared
 feasible by the California Department
 of Transportation last year.
Sikich expressed his enthusiasm for the
 project: "There's a lot of momentum, and
the public seems to be behind it. Most
people love knowing that there is a large
carnivore that remains in the Santa Monica
Mountains, and the mountain lion is the
 last one we have left."

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