Basically it is an extension of their, those who pay, get to say, policy. As if somehow we, the other 95% of the population, based on the same 2011 report they used, first of all DON'T have a say and second if we continue to insist on having one in how wildlife are managed, all those "benefits" of hunters would somehow disappear. It is clearly an economic threat…too big to question!
The question then becomes how many of these wildlife watchers are there? How much do they spend? Do they create jobs, generate revenue? Do their numbers and spending justify them actually having a say in wildlife management? This is important because if hunters are using their numbers and economic contribution to justify their dominance in wildlife management, then if wildlife watchers are similar in numbers and economic input, should they not also be justified in having at least an equal say?
Both of these groups of folks should have impact on how we manage
wildife, not just hunters
If the hunters' voice is representative of what they pay, according to the figures, the hunters' voice should be a whisper in the back of the room. Hunting interests should occupy the smallest office in wildlife agencies. Hunters should be the LEAST represented on wildlife commissions! Hunters are just not that significant of an economic factor compared to wildlife watchers. I agree with hunters, those who pay should say and it is time to manage wildlife for "those who DO pay".
The Landscape of Fear: Ecological Implications of Being Afraid: John W. Laundré*,1, Lucina Hernández1 and William J. Ripple2 1 Department of Biological Sciences, SUNY Oswego, Oswego, NY 13126, USA 2 Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, College of Forestry, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA
Abstract: “Predation risk” and “fear” are concepts well established in animal behavior literature. We expand these concepts to develop the model of the “landscape of fear”. The landscape of fear represents relative levels of predation risk as peaks and valleys that reflect the level of fear of predation a prey experiences in different parts of its area of use. We provide observations in support of this model regarding changes in predation risk with respect to habitat types, and terrain characteristics. We postulate that animals have the ability to learn and can respond to differing levels of predation risk. We propose that the landscape of fear can be quantified with the use of well documented existing methods such as givingup densities, vigilance observations, and foraging surveys of plants. We conclude that the landscape of fear is a useful visual model and has the potential to become a unifying ecological concept.