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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Thursday, July 6, 2017

The one thing that I cheer my California Government on about and give them 4 stars for excellence is their Wildlife Managemnt plans in place for Carnivores..................Whether it be Pumas, Coyotes, Black Bears and now Gray Wolves(Grizzly Bears being considered for re-introduction as well), California uses best science and minimizes politics and special interest pressure in protecting it's carnivore population.............With the newly discovered Gray Wolf Pack having three pups this Spring in northern Lassen County(see map below), California has now documented two breeding Wolf Packs(Siskiyou Pack was the first over the past 5 years to have coloninzed the State)...................Protected from hunting and trapping and placed under the protection of the California Endangered Species Act, the forward leaning management plan will allow Wolves to naturally reestablish themselves over the 19,035 square miles(12.6 million acres) of land(see map below) that biologists have identified as having a prey base, forest cover, road density, sheep and human population that would allow the Wolves to thrive with minimum conflict with people and livestock.............Bottom line is that every scientific estimate on how many wolves California can sustain over the millenia ahead comes in between 400 and 500 Lobos.............As the Summer 2017 International Wolf Magazine article written by biologist Amaroq Weiss is entitled (and the rock group the Beach Boys so fondly sang), " WE WISH THEY ALL COULD BE CALIFORNIA WOLVES"!!!!!!!!

CDFW Confirms Presence of Wolf Pack in Lassen County, Collars Adult Wolf

New Gray Wolf Pack in Lassen County and first
California established Pack last seen in Siskiyou County.
Modoc County has also seen a lone wolf...........All adults
migrants from Oregon's newly established Wolf population

Image result for california county map

Biologists have determined that there are 19,035 square miles
of suitable habitat for Gray Wolves in California

Lassen Pack family of 3 newgray wolf pups

Mom and pups

California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) biologists have captured and fitted a tracking collar to a female gray wolf in Lassen County, and confirmed that the wolf and her mate have produced at least three pups this year.
During summer and fall 2016, remote trail cameras captured images of two wolves traveling together in Lassen County. There was no evidence they had produced pups at that time. While the female’s origins remain unknown, genetic samples obtained from scat indicated the male wolf originated from Oregon’s Rogue Pack. The famous wolf OR7 is the Rogue Pack’s breeding male.
In early May 2017, partner biologists from the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) found evidence of recent wolf presence in the Lassen National Forest. CDFW biologists began surveying the area and planning a capture operation to collar one of the animals. On June 30, after 12 days of trapping attempts, the 75-pound adult female gray wolf was captured. After a thorough exam by the biologists and a wildlife veterinarian – including the collection of genetic and other biological samples – the wolf was collared and released.
“The anesthesia and collaring process went smoothly and the wolf was in excellent condition,” said CDFW’s Senior Wildlife Veterinarian Dr. Deana Clifford. “Furthermore, our physical examination indicated that she had given birth to pups this spring.”
The following day, July 1, CDFW biologists returned to the field for a routine follow-up check on the female. They encountered tracks of what appeared to be wolf pups, and then found that a nearby trail camera operated by USFS had captured photos of the female with three pups. The pups were gray in color and were serendipitously photographed playing in front of the camera.
These wolves, named the Lassen Pack by the USFS employee who first detected their location, are the second pack of gray wolves known in California since their extirpation in the 1920s. The first confirmed breeding pair in California produced five pups in eastern Siskiyou County in 2015, and are known as the Shasta Pack. The current status of the Shasta Pack is unknown, although one of the 2015 pups was detected in northwestern Nevada in November 2016.
The tracking collar affixed to the Lassen Pack female will collect data relative to her activity patterns, survival, reproduction and prey preferences. The Lassen Pack regularly traverses both public and private lands, including industrial timberlands, and the collar may also help to minimize wolf-livestock conflicts by providing information about the pack’s location relative to livestock and ranch lands. While most of the pack’s known activity to date has been in western Lassen County, some tracks have also been confirmed in Plumas County.
Gray wolves are currently both state and federally listed as endangered. Their management in California is guided by endangered species laws as well as CDFW’s Conservation Plan for Gray Wolves in California, finalized in 2016. CDFW’s goals for wolf management in California include conserving wolves and minimizing impacts to livestock producers and native ungulates.
The Conservation Plan, a wolf sighting report form, a guide to helpdistinguish a gray wolf from a coyote and additional information about wolves in California can be found
Photos courtesy of USFS.

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