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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Friday, May 23, 2014

"CROSS-FOSTERING" is a species management technique whereby wolf pups of a given pack are transplanted into another Pack...................The idea being that a cross-fertilization of genes between packs would ultimately lead to fostering healthier wolves into the future..........The paradigm has been successfully employed in the North Carolina Red Wolf restoration program and now Federal Fish & Wildlife are carrying out this experiment with Mexican Wolves----We will seek to follow this story and see if "Cross-Fostering" can help the Mexican Wolves to be fruitful and multiply faster than they have to date

Experiment aims to help Mexican gray wolf pups

Updated 9:11 am, Friday, May 23, 2014
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. (AP) — With threats of disease, malnutrition and even inbreeding, the deck can be stacked against a Mexican gray wolf pup.
Federal wildlife managers have long been troubled by the survival rates of wild-born pups, so they've started experimenting in an effort to boost the population as they reintroduce the endangered predator to the American Southwest.
Biologists earlier this month transplanted a pair of 2-week-old pups born in a large litter to another pack of wolves with a smaller litter and more rearing experience.

The cross-fostering technique has worked with red wolves on the East Coast. This marks the first time it's being tried with Mexican gray wolves.
Benjamin Tuggle, head of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Southwest Region, said the goal is not only to grow the population, but to have wolves that are genetically diverse and can steer clear of trouble while living in the wild.
"Cross-fostering is just one of the management tools we can use to improve the genetic health of the wild population," he said.
Reintroducing Mexican wolves to the forests of southwestern New Mexico and southeastern Arizona has been a challenge. The 15-year effort has been hampered by everything from illegal shootings to court disputes over how the program should be managed. Ranchers and county officials throughout the region have also been vocal critics, saying the wolves threaten their livelihoods.
The Fish and Wildlife Service over the past year has been careful about choosing which wolves to pair together, when to pair them up and where to release them.
The pups being cross-fostered were the result of one of the agency's match-making efforts earlier this spring. Their parents were released in Arizona together in April, but separated soon after. The female established a den and had a total of six pups in early May.

Since the female had no previous experience in the wild and no mate to help her with hunting and rearing, biologists determined the pups would not likely survive.
The female and her four other pups were taken into captivity, where they were reintroduced to another male in hopes of them forming a pack that can be released into the wild later this year.
As for the two foster pups and their wild pack, biologists are monitoring them remotely through radio telemetry signals as to not disturb them. Officials say it will be some time before they know whether the experiment was successful.

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