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Grizzly bears, black bears, wolves, coyotes, cougars/ mountain lions,bobcats, wolverines, lynx, foxes, fishers and martens are the suite of carnivores that originally inhabited North America after the Pleistocene extinctions. This site invites research, commentary, point/counterpoint on that suite of native animals (predator and prey) that inhabited The Americas circa 1500-at the initial point of European exploration and subsequent colonization. Landscape ecology, journal accounts of explorers and frontiersmen, genetic evaluations of museum animals, peer reviewed 20th and 21st century research on various aspects of our "Wild America" as well as subjective commentary from expert and layman alike. All of the above being revealed and discussed with the underlying goal of one day seeing our Continent rewilded.....Where big enough swaths of open space exist with connective corridors to other large forest, meadow, mountain, valley, prairie, desert and chaparral wildlands.....Thereby enabling all of our historic fauna, including man, to live in a sustainable and healthy environment. - Blogger Rick

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Monday, January 25, 2016

The Santa Cruz, California Puma Project reveals and reinforces what we know about Puma courtship and mating behaviour-----Courtship among Pumas tend to occur at scrape sites, raised ground stuffs and soil that males dig up and create and then scent mark via urination...........Females are attracted to these sites and a male/female "hookup can occur there accordingly,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,If Males do not show up when females are at the scrape sites, females may begin alerting males to their availability through caterwauling, a high pitched "meow" that can be heard by males up to 5 miles away.............Once a "hookup occurs, the male and female hang out together for up to 5 days and then part ways with the male out again seeking to mate with other females................90 days after impregnation, cubs are on link below to view some fascinating videos relating to this courtship process

Courtship in pumas: videos reveal cryptic behaviors

Max Allen – Santa Cruz Puma Project

A male puma looking back (Photograph courtesy of Max Allen)
A male puma looking back (Photograph courtesy of Max Allen)

Allen, M.L., H.U. Wittmer, P. Houghtaling, J. Smith, L.M. Elbroch, and C.C. Wilmers. 2015. The role of scent marking in mate selection by female pumas (Puma concolor). PLoS One 10: e0139087.
Allen, M.L., H.U. Wittmer, and C.C. Wilmers. 2014. Puma scrape and communication behaviors: understanding functional use and variation by sex and age. Behaviour 151: 819–840.
Logan, K., and L. Sweanor. 2001. Desert puma: evolutionary ecology and conservation of an enduring carnivore. Island Press: Covelo, CA.

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